Orthodontic Dentistry: The Role of Orthodontists

Orthodontic Dentistry: The Role of Orthodontists

Dec 01, 2019

In dentistry, orthodontics is a specialty that deals with the realignment of teeth. The treatment uses various dental appliances to correct how teeth sit on the jaw. Most orthodontist treatments in Plano, TX, are concerned with improving the cosmetic appearance on teeth. When teeth are malpositioned, they alter the proper facial development, given that teeth support the facial structure. In that case, an orthodontist for orthodontic treatments will work to correct the alignment of your teeth. A dental device like Invisalign® braces may be used for the job.

Orthodontic treatment is common among children and teenagers. As their bodies are growing and teeth developing, a dentist may prescribe this treatment to help keep teeth in a straight alignment. Even then, adults can still benefit from this treatment, as has been evident over the years.

What Orthodontist Do?

Orthodontists are trained medical professionals capable of handling any oral issues. However, unlike general dentists and other dental practitioners, orthodontist major in one area of dental care. They all have to undergo specialized orthodontics training, alongside all other dental education. A lot of the tasks of an orthodontist have to do with correcting the alignment of teeth. In the process of the different treatments, they also correct improper bites and improve the functionality of teeth. Some of the tasks that orthodontists handle include the following:

  • Plaque removal – a general dentist, can very well get rid of plaque in the teeth of patients. However, when it comes to cleaning malpositioned teeth, an orthodontist can handle it better. When teeth do not sit correctly on the jaw, they overlap each other. This can make it difficult for patients to clean out teeth thoroughly and prevent plaque buildup. An orthodontist can correct this issue and improve the overall oral hygiene of such patients.
  • Correction of crowded teeth – crowded teeth result from teeth being too big for the jaw. This means that there is not enough space to accommodate all the teeth properly. In this case, the teeth will be misaligned, and the mouth crowded. A big part of correcting crowded teeth involves tooth extraction. Orthodontists perform teeth extraction where they find a compelling need, as in this case.
  • Aligning crooked teeth – other than a crowded mouth, an orthodontist can cater for crooked teeth. Teeth that grow toward the wrong direction alter the appearance of a smile. An orthodontist will use traditional braces, among other dental appliances, to correct the alignment of teeth that are crooked.
  • Closing gaps between teeth – it is still under the jurisdiction of an orthodontic specialist to close gaps between teeth. This is often in regard to gaps that are not caused by missing teeth. Teeth can sometimes grow apart from each other, forming unnecessary spaces in between.
  • Correcting bites – an underbite and overbite are both problematic for patients. They are not only cosmetically repelling, but also introduce other oral problems, including problematic chewing. In such cases, it is the task of an orthodontist to correct the bites. In some instances, this involves using controlled pressure to restrain the upper or lower jaw from growing too fast, while holding the other jaw in place.
  • Creating treatment plans for patients – orthodontists have to be vastly experienced with creating different treatment plans for different patients. The reason is that many of the treatment procedures in orthodontics have to do with long-term treatments. This means that he/she has to come with a workable strategy of how to achieve the best results for individual patients. Many factors affect the plan, including the bone structure unique to every patient, and the complexity of the dental misalignments.
  • Recommendations of the best treatments – as you would expect, there are several dental appliances used in orthodontics. Some include braces, Invisalign, mouthguards, headgears, retainers, to mention a few. Either one of them can be used to meet a different purpose. However, an orthodontic must know which appliance best suits the needs of the patient. Technically, not all of the dental devices are befitting for all people. A great example is in the use of invisible aligners, vis-à-vis traditional braces.


Knowing who to turn to when you have an oral problem is essential. Even though all dental practitioners are adequately equipped, orthodontists are specially trained to correct malpositioned teeth.